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Reading Comprehension Texts
In 1915, a Harvard psychologist named William Moulton Marston discovered the
systolic blood-pressure test, which resulted in the invention of the polygraph
lie detector. Based on his polygraph experiments, Marston concluded that women
were more hardworking and more honest than men, and became a champion of women=s issues as the role of women in the workplace
changed during World War II.
to Ron Goulart in Over Fifty years of American Comic Books, when comic
publisher Max Gaines hired Marston as an educational consultant, Marston Alooked at Graine=s comic book titles, with images of supermen like Flash and Green
Lantern and wondered why he wasn=t
publishing any comics with women as the hero.@.
At Graine=s urging, Marston then undertook to create a female
comic book hero, a wonder woman, Aunder the pen name of their combined middle names, Charles Moulton.@
According to his wife, AMarston
wrote every strip with the idea of making Wonder Woman >a personal expression of the female character.= He wanted his creation, a comic book superheroine
for children, to fill a void in a society whose mythology and culture were
dominated by masculine images.@
In 1943 Marston wrote: ANot
even girls want to be girls, so long as our feminine archetype lacks force,
strength and power.... The obvious remedy is to create a feminine character
with all the strength of a superman, plus all the allure of a good and
beautiful woman.@ Wonder Woman was his answer.
Find expressions or words in the text that mean the same or similar to the
following: (2 points)
Answer the following questions according to the text (1.5 points)
What did the polygraph experiments demonstrate?
Who suggested creating a book with a female character as a hero?
What was Marston=s
intention when he created Wonder Woman?
Choose the correct modal verbs. (1.5 points)
I might/can pass the exam. I=m
She=s very intelligent but she doesn=t get very good marks. She mustn=t/can=t be working very hard.
The man looks very important. He must/can be the head teacher.
Rewrite the sentences below, using modal verbs with perfect infinitives (2
I am sure that she didn=t
use a calculator.
It wasn=t necessary for you to tell him that.
She didn=t come to school today. I am sure that she was ill.
Perhaps she borrowed your dictionary.
Composition. Wonder Woman, Superman, Batman or Mortadelo and Filemon? Why? (80
words) (3 points)